Spain has a long and unique history beginning with its colonisation by eastern seafarers in 11thcentury BC. Initially inhabited by Phoenicians, Greeks and Carthaginians until the Romans arrived in 218BC. However, we all know that the Romans fell and in Spain’s case it was in the early 5th century AD.
Politics no matter what country you’re in play a huge part in power and, unfortunately, for the Visigothic invaders their poor political organisation made them easy targets to the Moors from North Africa. Spain’s 8thCentury history shows that the peninsula came almost entirely under Moorish rule. In the 9th and 10th centuries Cordoba was Europe’s leading City. The marriage of Fernando Aragon and Isabel of Castile in 1469, the so called Catholic Monarchs, led to Spanish unity. They took Granada, the last Moorish kingdom in 1492.
In the same year Columbus discovered North and South America. Ruling this new kingdom for 300 years came at a hefty price as Spanish soldiers killed millions of Native Americans. It was during this time that religious influence on Spanish soil was being dismantled at every angle, Muslim literature was being burnt and Jews found themselves being exported.
America has been both a treasure chest and a curse upon Spanish history. With the gold mining industry Spain became the richest country and remained at the ‘Global Head’ of the world. What has historically been so devastating are the crimes that came with that: making the rich richer and the poor poorer. Not only that but because of the Spaniards stay on American soil, the Native Americans became diseased and gradually began to decease in numbers. Unaware of the trauma they were causing, Spaniards viewed themselves as superior and began to take Americans as slaves. This was also the time of the Spanish Inquisition which prided itself on torturing the innocent or anyone who dared to stand up again the Roman Catholic Church. The Reformation incurred a blood bath for those of different faiths or beliefs to what Spain was initiating.
Spain saw the 20thCentury beginning to make its mark as a democratic state which resulted in the King of Spain being booted out. Yet another war was caused through this process of deciding whether or not there should be one ruler or a group of voices. Democracy crashed in 1939 and a dictator named Francisco Franco took over. At his death Franco made the move to re-instate Juan Carlos to the throne (grandson to the King who was booted out) but Juan had other ideas and rather than ruling the nation, he decided to set up a democracy. In time this has led to Spain joining the European Union.