Moldova’s location, as a gateway between Europe and Asia, positions it as a frequent battlefield. During WWII Moldova was captured and became part of the USSR. Following WWII a nationwide famine killed over 216,000 people due to starvation and a further 389,000 from dystrophy linked to malnutrition. From the 1950’s-1980’s Moldova remained under communist control and development was funded by the USSR. Moldova gained independence in 1990; Pro- Soviet separatists established the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic and civil war lasted throughout the spring of 1992. Although a ceasefire was agreed, the hotly contested border region of Trans- Ddniester remains a place of political unrest. Moldova has gained a sense of national pride and distanced itself from Romania The governance of Moldova is unclear and frequently corrupt. The latest parliament failed to elect a new president, creating the need for an additional general election. Economically Moldova is statistically the poorest nation in Europe and a staggering 80% of Moldovans are regarded as being below the poverty line. The cost of living is surprisingly high, especially the housing market.
A poverty stricken country isn’t only reflected in its finances but also in its sanitation levels, education, employment, health and the list continues. Only around half of rural settlements in Moldova have piped water systems, and most of these systems are in an advanced state of degradation, requiring urgent rehabilitation. In rural communities, the need only increases as only 40% have rudimentary sewerage and even that has essentially ceased functioning. The lack of stability in education has left a lot of young people without any key skills which impacts the employment network, although this is due to rise with the global economy.