During WWII the Ustaše (a Croatian fascist group) attempted to eradicate Serbians, Jews and Roma Gypsies chiefly through Nazi ordained death camps. In opposition arose the Partisans, led by Tito, his overriding policy was to create a state in which no ethnic group dominated politics. Sadly he engineered this by creating a one-party state that rigorously stamped out opposition, whether nationalist, royalist or religious. Tito felt the Catholic church was complicit in the WWII massacres and was hard on religious Croatians.
Fast-forward to 1990 and Croatia gained independence from Yugoslavia. Far from a joyous independence was initiated amidst war and separation between Croats and Serbs. A peace treaty was eventually made on the basis that Croatia would protect minority groups and human rights, which many would argue is not being done.
Croatia today is part of NATO and its government has swung from right to left wing and back again. Croatia is making good use of its stunning coastline attracting lots of tourists whilst preserving the natural beauty and ecology of the area. However, while coastal Croatia enjoys a booming tourist industry, the north and east of the country remains very under-developed and extremely poor. Overall, Croatia is handling the global economic crisis and continues to progress in a capitalist market. It still has work to do in changing prejudiced attitudes, reforming the judicial system and reducing corruption.