Historically, Bosnia was part of Yugoslavia. During WWII the Bosnians suffered horrific persecution and the Jewish population was almost entirely exterminated. There was division between the Serbian Chetniks and Bosnian Muslims, atrocities occurred from both parties. Bosnia became a military hub for Yugoslavia but was peaceful from 1945-1992. Despite Tito’s insistence for one-race idealism, political leaders in Bosnia & Herzegovina worked hard to keep a sense of identity and laid foundations for independence in 1991.
The Bosnian Civil war broke out in 1992 and hit headlines worldwide. The UN eventually responded by authorising use of force to deliver humanitarian aid. Peace settlements were made with presidents of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia & Yugoslavia signing the Dayton Agreement. However, the horrors of war crimes, over 100,000 dead and more than 2 million refugees left a nation in tatters and mourning. Ethnic tensions remain and many free men are still regarded as war criminals.
Bosnia remains an economically poor nation, agriculture is typically inefficient and industry lacks the business streamlining the UK are accustomed to. Bosnia has a cultural heritage that has eastern and western influence in equal measure. The cultural diversity, stunning mountain ranges, and its capital, Sarajevo, are all fast gaining a tourist reputation. Bosnia is gradually progressing towards a more developed future.